All_ Pest_ categories
Frequently Asked Questions
Common diseases carried by pets.
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How contacted: Household pets and animals can transmit Campylobacter jejuni, bacteria. The campylobacter bacteria
may exist in the intestinal tract of an infected household or wild animal, and a person can become infected through
contact with contaminated water, feces, or unpasteurized milk.
Symptoms: It causes diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever and contagious, especially among members of the same family
and children in day care or preschools.
Treatment: Children with campylobacter infection are generally treated with antibiotics.
Cat scratch disease:
How contacted: getting bitten or scratched from a feline with Bartonella henselae bacteria infection.
Symptoms: swollen and tender lymph nodes, fever, headaches, and fatigue, a condition known as cat scratch disease
Treatment: The symptoms of cat scratch disease usually resolve without treatment; however, a doctor may prescribe
antibiotics if the infection if severe. Cat scratch disease rarely causes any long-term complications.
How contacted: Rabies is a serious illness caused by a virus that enters a person's body through a bite or wound
contaminated by the saliva from an infected animal. Animals that may carry the rabies virus include dogs, cats, raccoons,
bats, skunks and foxes.
Symptoms: the end stages causes extreme pain and headache, thirst convulsions and death. Human rabies is rare in
the United States due to law mandated vaccination programs.
Treatment: seek treatment right away if you even think you might have contacted rabies. Treatment with Rabies
immune globulin and vaccination is generally the coarse of action.
Rocky Mountain spotted fever:
How contacted: Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is carried by ticks that attach themselves to animal skin,
Symptoms: It causes high fever, chills, muscle aches, and headaches, as well as a rash that may spread across the
wrists, ankles, palms, soles, and trunk of the body.
Treatment: Rocky Mountain spotted fever is not contagious and can be treated with antibiotics.
How contacted: Lyme disease is transmitted through the bite of an infected tick that may have hitchhiked into your
home on your pet.
Symptoms: Symptoms include a bull's-eye rash where the tick attached, followed by headache, fever, and joint or
Treatment: antibiotics during the rash stage to prevent complications in the latter stage
How contacted: Dipylidium caninum is the most common tapeworm of dogs and cats in the United States. Infection
occurs when an infected flea is ingested.
Symptoms: Symptoms of tapeworm infestation include itching around the anus, vague abdominal pain, and diarrhea.
Tapeworms may be seen stuck to the skin around the anal area or in the feces.
Treatment: If infected with Dipylidium caninum oral medication is given to kill the tapeworm.
How contacted: Ringworm, also called tinea, is obtained from touching infected animals such as dogs and cats.
Symptoms: . Ringworm of the skin, or tinea corporis, usually is dry, scaly round area with a raised red bumpy border
and a clear center. When the scalp is affected, the area may be flaky, red, or swollen. Often there are bald patches.
Treatment: Ringworm is treated with antifungal medications including shampoo, cream, or oral antifungals.
How contacted: It is caused by the parasitic roundworm, Toxocara, which lives in the intestines of dogs and cats. The
eggs from the worms are passed in the stools of dogs and cats, often contaminating soil where children play. When a
child ingests the contaminated soil, the eggs hatch in the intestine and the larvae spread to other organs, an infection
known as visceral larva migrans.
Symptoms: Symptoms include fever, cough or wheezing, enlarged liver, rash, or swollen lymph nodes. When the larvae
in the intestine make their way through the bloodstream to the eye, it is known as ocular toxocariasis, or ocular larva
migrans, which may lead to a permanent loss of vision.
Treatment: Medication to kill the larvae.
How contacted: By contact with a parasite found in cat feces or undercooked meat.
Symptoms: When symptoms do occur they may include swollen glands, fatigue, muscle pain, fever, sore throat, and a
rash. In pregnant women, toxoplasmosis can cause miscarriage, premature births, and severe illness and blindness in
newborns. Pregnant women should avoid contact with litter boxes.
Treatment: Most people will recover from toxoplasmosis without treatment. However medication is available from your
family doctor to treat the infection. Treatment may be needed if the eyes or heart are affected or if the infection occurs in
persons with weak immune systems or long lasting diseases
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