Electronic Pest Control of Arizona
 Stop neighbor's barking dog, 60 day FREE trial, if our device fails you pay nothing Toll Free 1-877-241-7718       Fax 1-877-820-0570 
Take advantage of our 60 day FREE TRIAL,   If you are not satisfied with your purchase we will refund every dime charged to your card. We keep nothing, no fees, no shipping, no handling.  We want your to be a satisfied customer so you will refer us to others.. Click here to review complete policy  
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 Killing System for Mosquitoes, Gnats, Midges and No See Ums "MKS-1023      $795.00  This item qualifies for free shipping  to the lower 48 states. request shipping quote for other locations.  Click here for details
The New MK05 Mosquito Champion Mosquito Trap Champion - Non-Propane Electronic Mosquito Trap  one-half acre coverage Click_here  for more information on this product. Must be plugged in to 110V ac outlet     159.95 +S&H
Discover Our New Mosquito Larvae Trap Using Solar Thermal Energy  $79.95 + S&H     click here for details
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Written by  L. L. Briceland, PharmD 
Professor and Director Experiential Education, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Albany College of Pharmacy, Albany, New York.

West Nile virus (WNV) infection is caused by a mosquito-borne flavivirus, which is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito, with birds acting as the primary amplification host. WNV is endemic to Israel and parts of Europe and Asia; since 1999, WNV has emerged as an important human and avian disease in the United States.[1]

Following a bite from an infected mosquito, the virus enters the person's bloodstream and may cross the blood-brain barrier in the central nervous system. About 80% of infected people will remain asymptomatic. Following a 3- to 14-day incubation period, the remaining individuals will develop an influenza-like illness, characterized by the sudden onset of fever and/or chills, headache, malaise, and lymphadenopathy. Fewer than 1% of patients will exhibit severe neurologic symptoms, including meningitis, encephalitis, or acute flaccid paralysis, which may lead to permanent impairment. Typically, symptoms of milder WNV infection resolve over several days; however, long-term sequelae, including numerous somatic complaints, tremor, neuropsychological abnormalities, and motor skill deficits, have recently been shown to exist for at least 12 months post-infection.[2]

There is no specific treatment for WNV. Supportive and symptomatic care remains the mainstay of therapy, based on the clinical presentation; this includes ventilatory support and intravenous rehydration fluids. There are case reports noting some success with the use of ribavirin and interferon alfa-2b, corticosteroids, antiepileptics, intravenous immunoglobulin as adjuvant therapy, and/or osmotic agents.[3,4] Given the lack of definitive therapy for WNV, preventive measures against mosquito bites are encouraged.

Posted 10/04/2006

References

  1. Guharoy R, Gilroy SA, Noviasky JA, Ference J. West Nile virus infection. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 2004;61:1235-1241.
  2. Carson PJ, Konweko P, Wold KS, et al. Long-term clinical and neuropsychological outcomes of West Nile virus infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2006;43:723-730.
  3. Haley M, Retter AS, Fowler D, Gea-Banacloche J, O'Grady NP. The role for intravenous immunoglobulin in the treatment of West Nile virus encephalitis. Clin Infect Dis. 2003;37:e88-90.
  4. Peterson LR, Marfin AA. West Nile virus: a primer for the clinician. Ann Intern Med. 2002;137;e173-e179.

 

 
  

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Barking dogs    Bats   Birds  Cats   Cockroaches  Deer  Flies   Gophers   Moles    Mice    Mosquitoes   Pet odors   People intruder  Rats   Stray dogs     Wild life   
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Electronic Pest Control, 45 East Hopkins Road, Gilbert, Arizona 85295
Toll free 1-877-241-7718 Toll free fax US & Canada only 1-877-820-0570
Fax   
1-877-820-0570      1standforemost@ureach.com

 

061207-0220 Customer service hours are from " 9 am to 5 pm Monday through Friday Arizona Time" If you are prompted to leave a message please do so and allow us an opportunity to help solve your pest nuisance problem. Messages are placed in a Que and answered in the order they were received.